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Unconventional motional narrowing in the optical spectrum of a semiconductor quantum dot

Abstract

‘Motional narrowing’ refers to the striking phenomenon where the resonance line of a system coupled to a reservoir becomes narrower on increasing the reservoir fluctuation. A textbook example is found in nuclear magnetic resonance, where the fluctuating local magnetic fields created by randomly oriented nuclear spins are averaged when the motion of the nuclei is thermally activated. The existence of a motional-narrowing effect in the optical response of semiconductor quantum dots remains so far unexplored. This effect may be important in this instance because the decoherence dynamics is a central issue for the implementation of quantum information processing based on quantum dots. Here we report on the experimental evidence of motional narrowing in the optical spectrum of a semiconductor quantum dot broadened by the spectral-diffusion phenomenon. Surprisingly, motional narrowing is achieved when decreasing incident power or temperature, in contrast with the standard phenomenology observed for nuclear magnetic resonance.

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Figure 1: Fourier-transform spectroscopy on the emission line of a single quantum dot as a function of incident power.
Figure 2: Monte Carlo simulations of the fluctuating environment.
Figure 3: Linewidth and line-shape variations as a function of incident power.
Figure 4: Temperature-dependent study of the single-quantum-dot line profile.

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Acknowledgements

We thank A. Jankovic, C. Ciuti and B. Gayral for discussions. LPA-ENS is ‘unité mixte (UMR 8551) de l’ENS, du CNRS, des Universités Paris 6 et 7’. This work is financially supported by the region Ile de France.

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Correspondence to G. Cassabois.

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Berthelot, A., Favero, I., Cassabois, G. et al. Unconventional motional narrowing in the optical spectrum of a semiconductor quantum dot. Nature Phys 2, 759–764 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys433

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