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Economic complexity: From useless to keystone

Technological innovation seems to be dominated by chance. But a new mathematical analysis suggests we might be able to anticipate when seemingly useless technologies become keystones of more complex environments.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. César A. Hidalgo leads the Collective Learning Group at the MIT Media Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA

    • César A. Hidalgo

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Correspondence to César A. Hidalgo.