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Thermodynamics of ice

Not obeying the rules

Nature Physics volume 12, pages 996997 (2016) | Download Citation

The physical properties of ice are governed by its tetrahedral network of hydrogen bonds and the ice rules that determine the distribution of the protons. Deviations from the tetrahedral structure and violations of these rules can lead to surprising phenomena, such as the ferroelectric state now reported for thin films of epitaxial ice.

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  1. Ivan A. Ryzhkin is at the Institute of Solid State Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2 Academician Osipyan Street, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region 142432, Russia

    • Ivan A. Ryzhkin

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Correspondence to Ivan A. Ryzhkin.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys3853

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