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Quantum plasmonics

Abstract

Quantum plasmonics is a rapidly growing field of research that involves the study of the quantum properties of light and its interaction with matter at the nanoscale. Here, surface plasmons—electromagnetic excitations coupled to electron charge density waves on metal–dielectric interfaces or localized on metallic nanostructures—enable the confinement of light to scales far below that of conventional optics. We review recent progress in the experimental and theoretical investigation of the quantum properties of surface plasmons, their role in controlling light–matter interactions at the quantum level and potential applications. Quantum plasmonics opens up a new frontier in the study of the fundamental physics of surface plasmons and the realization of quantum-controlled devices, including single-photon sources, transistors and ultra-compact circuitry at the nanoscale.

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Figure 1: SPP.
Figure 2: Probing fundamental quantum properties of SPPs.
Figure 3: Coupling of single emitters to SPPs.
Figure 4: Quantum plasmonic circuitry.
Figure 5: Quantum plasmonics roadmap.

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Acknowledgements

We thank J. Takahara and C. Lee for comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by the UK’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, the Leverhulme Trust, the National Research Foundation of Korea grants funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; grant numbers 2010-0018295 and 2010-0015059), the European Office of Aerospace Research and Development (EOARD), and the Qatar National Research Fund (Grant NPRP 4-554-1-D84). S.K.O. thanks L. Yang and F. Nori for their support.

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Tame, M., McEnery, K., Özdemir, Ş. et al. Quantum plasmonics. Nature Phys 9, 329–340 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys2615

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