Interference of dissimilar photon sources

Abstract

If identical photons meet at a semi-transparent mirror they seem to leave in the same direction, an effect called ‘two-photon interference’. It has been known for some time that this effect should occur for photons generated by dissimilar sources with no common history, provided the measurement cannot distinguish between the photons1. Here, we report a technique for observing such interference with isolated, unsynchronized sources for which the coherence times differ by several orders of magnitude. In an experiment we cause photons generated by different physical processes, with different photon statistics, to interfere. One of the sources is stimulated emission from a tunable laser, which has Poissonian statistics and a nanoelectronvolt bandwidth. The other is spontaneous emission from a quantum dot in a p–i–n diode2,3 with a few-microelectronvolt linewidth. We develop a theory to explain the visibility of interference, which is primarily limited by the timing resolution of our detectors.

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Figure 1: Interference of a single-photon source with a weak Poissonian source.
Figure 2: Measurements of single-photon interference.
Figure 3: Measurements of photon statistics.
Figure 4: Measurement of the visibility of two-photon interference as a function of η/α2.

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Acknowledgements

This work was partly supported by the EU through the IST FP6 Integrated Project Qubit Applications (QAP: contract number 015848). EPSRC provided support for R.B.P. and QIPIRC for C.A.N.

Author information

R.B.P., C.A.N. and D.A.R. designed and fabricated the samples. A.J.B. and R.B.P. carried out the optical experiments. A.J.S. guided the work. A.J.B. wrote the manuscript, with input from the coauthors.

Correspondence to A. J. Bennett.

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Bennett, A., Patel, R., Nicoll, C. et al. Interference of dissimilar photon sources. Nature Phys 5, 715–717 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphys1373

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