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Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers


We report the observation of cold Cs Rydberg-atom molecules bound at internuclear separations of R3–9 μm. The bound states result from avoided crossings between Rydberg-atom-pair interaction potentials in an applied electric field. The molecular states can be modified by changing the applied electric field. The molecules are observed by mapping the radial separation of the two Rydberg atoms as a function of time delay between excitation and detection using the Coulomb repulsion of the ions after pulsed field ionization. Measurements were performed for 63D+65D, 64D+66D, 65D+67D and 66D+68D pairs. The experiment is in good agreement with calculations of the pair interactions for these states.

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Figure 1: Spectrum and potentials.
Figure 2: Experiment.
Figure 3: TOF distributions.
Figure 4: Macrodimer data.

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We acknowledge support from AFOSR (FA9550-05-0328) and ARO (W911NF-08-1-0257).

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All authors contributed extensively to the work presented in this paper.

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Correspondence to J. P. Shaffer.

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Overstreet, K., Schwettmann, A., Tallant, J. et al. Observation of electric-field-induced Cs Rydberg atom macrodimers. Nature Phys 5, 581–585 (2009).

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