Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields

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Chaotic dynamics has been reported in many physical systems and has affected almost every field of science. Chaos involves hypersensitivity to the initial conditions of a system and introduces unpredictability into its output. Thus, it is often unwanted. Interestingly, the very same features make chaos a powerful tool to suppress decoherence, achieve secure communication and replace background noise in stochastic resonance—a counterintuitive concept that a system's ability to transfer information can be coherently amplified by adding noise. Here, we report the first demonstration of chaos-induced stochastic resonance in an optomechanical system, as well as the optomechanically mediated chaos transfer between two optical fields such that they follow the same route to chaos. These results will contribute to the understanding of nonlinear phenomena and chaos in optomechanical systems, and may find applications in the chaotic transfer of information and for improving the detection of otherwise undetectable signals in optomechanical systems.

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Figure 1: Whispering-gallery-mode microtoroid optomechanical resonator.
Figure 2: Optomechanically mediated chaos generation and transfer between optical fields.
Figure 3: Maximal Lyapunov exponents and probe bandwidth.
Figure 4: Optomechanically induced chaos-mediated stochastic resonance in an optomechanical resonator.


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The authors thank F. Marchesoni for discussions and for interpreting the results on stochastic resonance. Ş.K.Ö. thanks J. Mateo for support. L.Y. and Ş.K.Ö. are supported by ARO grant no. W911NF-12-1-0026. J.Z. is supported by the NSFC under grants nos. 61174084 and 61134008. Y.X.L. is supported by the NSFC under grant no. 61025022. Y.X.L. and J.Z. are supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) under grant no. 2014CB921401, the NSFC under grant no. 61328502, the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program and the Tsinghua National Laboratory for Information Science and Technology (TNList) Cross-discipline Foundation. F.N. is partially supported by the RIKEN iTHES Project, MURI Center for Dynamic Magneto-Optics, via AFOSR award no. FA9550-14-1-0040 and a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A). F.B. is supported by the NSFC under grant no. 11374165 and the 973 Program under grant no. 2013CB328702. The authors thank Z. Shen for helping with the numerical simulations used in the Supplementary Information.

Author information

F.M., J.Z. and Ş.K.Ö. contributed equally to this work. J.Z. and Ş.K.Ö. conceived the idea, J.Z. provided theoretical analysis under the guidance of Ş.K.Ö., Y.-x.L. and F.N. Ş.K.Ö. and L.Y. designed the experiments. F.M., J.Z. and B.P. performed the experiments and processed the data with help from Ş.K.Ö. and F.B. J.Z. and Ş.K.Ö. wrote the manuscript with contributions from all authors.

Correspondence to Jing Zhang or Şahin Kaya Özdemir or Lan Yang.

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Monifi, F., Zhang, J., Özdemir, Ş. et al. Optomechanically induced stochastic resonance and chaos transfer between optical fields. Nature Photon 10, 399–405 (2016) doi:10.1038/nphoton.2016.73

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