Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Fundamental optics

On-chip Casimir effect

Measurement of the forces that arise from quantum vacuum fluctuations between closely spaced surfaces typically requires large apparatus, making applications difficult. Now, an experiment on a silicon chip to measure the Casimir force has been realized.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Structure used for demonstrating non-monotonic Casimir effect.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Casimir, H. B. G. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wet. 51, 793–795 (1948).

    Google Scholar 

  2. Dzyaloshinskii, I. D., Lifshitz, E. M. & Pitaevskii, L. P. Usp. Fiz. Nauk 73, 381–422 (1961); English translation Sov. Phys. Usp. 4, 153–176 (1961).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Lamoreaux, S. K. Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 5–8 (1997).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Tang, L. et al. Nat. Photon. 11, 97–101 10.1038/nphoton.2016.254(2017).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Munday, J. N., Capasso, F. & Persegian, V. A. Nature 457, 170–173 (2009).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Chiu, H. C., Klimchitskaya, G. L., Marachevsky, V. N., Mostepanenko, V. M. & Mohideen, U. Phys. Rev. B 81, 115417 (2010).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Levin, M., McCauley, A. P., Rodriguez, A. W., Reid, M. T. H. & Johnson, S. G. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 090403 (2010).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Derjaguin, S. G. Kolloid Z. 69, 155–164 (1934).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Foldy, L. L. Phys. Rev. 67, 107–119 (1945).

    Article  ADS  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  10. Lippmann, B. & Schwinger, J. Phys. Rev. 79, 469–480 (1950).

    Article  ADS  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  11. Kenneth, O. & Klich, I. Phys. Rev. B 78, 014103 (2008).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Reid, M. T. H., Rodriguez, A. W., White, J. & Johnson, S. G. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 040401 (2009).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kimball A. Milton.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Milton, K. On-chip Casimir effect. Nature Photon 11, 73–74 (2017).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing