Two rich and vibrant fields of investigation—graphene physics and plasmonics—strongly overlap. Not only does graphene possess intrinsic plasmons that are tunable and adjustable, but a combination of graphene with noble-metal nanostructures promises a variety of exciting applications for conventional plasmonics. The versatility of graphene means that graphene-based plasmonics may enable the manufacture of novel optical devices working in different frequency ranges—from terahertz to the visible—with extremely high speed, low driving voltage, low power consumption and compact sizes. Here we review the field emerging at the intersection of graphene physics and plasmonics.
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Highly efficient graphene terahertz modulator with tunable electromagnetically induced transparency-like transmission
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We thank A. K. Geim, V. I. Fal'ko, M. I. Katsnelson, R. Asgari, R. Fazio, F. Guinea, A. H. MacDonald, V. Pellegrini, E. Rotenberg, F. Taddei, A. Tredicucci and G. Vignale for conversations. M.P. was supported by MIUR through the FIRB programme, grant no. RBFR10M5BT. A.N.G. was partly supported by an FP7 Metachem grant and the Samsung GRO programme.
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Grigorenko, A., Polini, M. & Novoselov, K. Graphene plasmonics. Nature Photon 6, 749–758 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2012.262
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