Hydrogen generated from solar-driven water-splitting has the potential to be a clean, sustainable and abundant energy source. Inspired by natural photosynthesis, artificial solar water-splitting devices are now being designed and tested. Recent developments based on molecular and/or nanostructure designs have led to advances in our understanding of light-induced charge separation and subsequent catalytic water oxidation and reduction reactions. Here we review some of the recent progress towards developing artificial photosynthetic devices, together with their analogies to biological photosynthesis, including technologies that focus on the development of visible-light active hetero-nanostructures and require an understanding of the underlying interfacial carrier dynamics. Finally, we propose a vision for a future sustainable hydrogen fuel community based on artificial photosynthesis.
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Integrated interfacial design of covalent organic framework photocatalysts to promote hydrogen evolution from water
Nature Communications Open Access 19 January 2023
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Y.T. acknowledges funding support from JST, PRESTO. L.V. acknowledges support from the International Research Center for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xian Jiaotong University, the Thousand Talents plan and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 51121092). J.R.D. acknowledges the EPSRC and European Research Council for funding. The authors thank J. Nolan and J. Fenn, Design and Production Educational Technology Advancement Group (EduTAG), RMIT University, for their support in the illustration of Fig. 5.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Tachibana, Y., Vayssieres, L. & Durrant, J. Artificial photosynthesis for solar water-splitting. Nature Photon 6, 511–518 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2012.175
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