Commentary | Published:

How to recognize lasing

Nature Photonics volume 3, pages 546549 (2009) | Download Citation

Subjects

The race to demonstrate new lasers, including electrically pumped polymer lasers, makes it a good time to reflect on the measurements that must be undertaken to support a claim of lasing.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Adv. Mater. 11, 363–370 (1999).

  2. 2.

    & Adv. Mater. 12, 1655–1668 (2000).

  3. 3.

    , , & Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).

  4. 4.

    & Chem. Rev. 107, 1272–1295 (2007).

  5. 5.

    Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 3215–3216 (1992).

  6. 6.

    , , & Nature 389, 362–364 (1997).

  7. 7.

    et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081108 (2007).

  8. 8.

    et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 161103 (2005).

  9. 9.

    , , & Phys. Rev. B 56, R4363–R4366 (1997).

  10. 10.

    , & Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4023–4025 (2003).

  11. 11.

    et al. Adv. Mater. 21, 799–802 (2009).

  12. 12.

    , , & Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2664–2666 (1997).

  13. 13.

    , & Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 163306 (2008).

  14. 14.

    Nature 453, 459–460 (2008).

  15. 15.

    , , & IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 41, 316–336 (2005).

  16. 16.

    et al. IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 36, 18–26 (2000).

  17. 17.

    Nature 429, 709–711 (2004).

  18. 18.

    , , , & Phys. Rev. B 68, 075211 (2003).

  19. 19.

    & Phys. Rev. B 79, 073302 (2009).

  20. 20.

    , , & Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).

  21. 21.

    , , & Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 313–315 (2003).

  22. 22.

    et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131104 (2007).

  23. 23.

    , & Nature 382, 695–697 (1996).

  24. 24.

    , , & Science 279, 553–555 (1998).

  25. 25.

    et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 121110 (2006).

  26. 26.

    et al. Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 879–884 (1998).

  27. 27.

    et al. Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 1728–1735 (2009).

  28. 28.

    , & J. Appl. Phys. 103, 123104 (2008).

  29. 29.

    et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 143504 (2007).

  30. 30.

    & Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1711–1714 (1988).

  31. 31.

    , , & Chem. Phys. Lett. 286, 9–14 (1998).

  32. 32.

    , , , & Opt. Lett. 34, 503–505 (2009).

  33. 33.

    , & Opt. Lett. 30, 3072–3074 (2005).

  34. 34.

    Appl. Phys. B 90, 101–108 (2008).

  35. 35.

    & Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2037–2040 (1996).

  36. 36.

    et al. Adv. Mater. 16, 2170–2174 (2004).

  37. 37.

    & Opt. Comm. 94, 281–288 (1992).

  38. 38.

    Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

  39. 39.

    Principles of Lasers 4th edn (Plenum Press, 1998).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Organic Semiconductor Centre, SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9SS, UK

    • Ifor D. W. Samuel
    •  & Graham A. Turnbull
  2. Center for Polymers and Organic Solids, University of California Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA.

    • Ifor D. W. Samuel
    •  & Ebinazar B. Namdas

Authors

  1. Search for Ifor D. W. Samuel in:

  2. Search for Ebinazar B. Namdas in:

  3. Search for Graham A. Turnbull in:

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ifor D. W. Samuel.

About this article

Publication history

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/nphoton.2009.173

Further reading

Newsletter Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing