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Materials processing

Two-photon fabrication

Two-photon polymerization is a 3D nanoscale manufacturing tool that offers great potential for rapid prototyping and the manufacture of photonic devices, tissue scaffolds and biomechanical parts.

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Figure 1: Inside view of the front of the commercially available 2PP system (housing open).


Figure 2: A spiral photonic crystal fabricated using the zirconium/silicon hybrid sol–gel SZ2080.


Figure 3: A 3D split-ring metamaterial structure, fabricated using a metal-binding hybrid polymer composite.


Figure 4: A selection of biomechanical parts made by 2PP.


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Farsari, M., Chichkov, B. Two-photon fabrication. Nature Photon 3, 450–452 (2009).

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