Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Scanning probe microscopy

A picture worth a thousand bytes

The controlled positioning of more than 8,000 chlorine vacancies on a surface at 77 K is a step towards the implementation of ultradense rewritable atomic memories.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: A kilobyte atomic memory assembled, imaged, and operated using a scanning tunnelling microscope.


  1. Eigler, D. M. & Schweizer, E. K. Nature 344, 524–526 (1990).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Crommie, M. F., Lutz, C. P. & Eigler, D. M. Nature 363, 524–527 (1993).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Kalff, F. E. et al. Nature Nanotech. 11, 926–929 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Feynman, R. P. Eng. Sci. 23, 22–36 (1960).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Toumey, C. Nature Nanotech. 5, 239–241 (2010).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Steven C. Erwin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Erwin, S. A picture worth a thousand bytes. Nature Nanotech 11, 919–920 (2016).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Find nanotechnology articles, nanomaterial data and patents all in one place. Visit Nano by Nature Research