Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

How to deal with the loss in plasmonics and metamaterials

Metal losses affect the performance of every plasmonic or metamaterial structure; dealing with them will determine the degree to which these structures will find practical applications.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type

from$1.95

to$39.95

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Energy balance in photonic and plasmonic structures.
Figure 2: Absorption of a quantum of electromagnetic energy ħω in a metal.
Figure 3: Dispersion of the real part of the dielectric permittivity ɛ of a polar crystal and the alternation of energy in it using SiC as an example.

References

  1. Stockman, M. Opt. Express 19, 22029–22106 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Maier, S. A. Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  3. Barnes, W. L., Dereux, A. & Ebbesen, T. W. Nature 424, 824–830 (2003).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Fleischmann, M., Hendra, P. J. & McQuillan, A. J. Chem. Phys. Lett. 26, 163–166 (1974).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Brown, J. Proc. IEEE Part IV: Institution Monographs 100, 51–62 (1953).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Khurgin, J. B. & Sun, G. Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 211106 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Khurgin, J. B. & Boltasseva, A. Mater. Res. Soc. Bull. 37, 768–779 (2012).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Wu, Y. et al. Adv. Mater. 26, 6106–6110 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Hoffman, A. J. et al. Nature Mater. 6, 946–950 (2007).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Caldwell, J. D. et al. Nanophotonics http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2014-0003 (2014).

  11. Goykhman, I., Desiatov, B., Khurgin, J. B. & Levy, U. Nano Lett. 11, 2219–2224 (2011).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Linic, S., Christopher, P. & Ingram, D. B. Nature Mater. 10, 911–921 (2011).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Smith, D. R., Padilla, W. J., Vier, D. C., Nemat-Nasser, S. C. & Schultz, S. Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184–4187 (2000).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Abelès, F. (ed.) Optical Properties of Solids (North-Holland, 1972).

    Google Scholar 

  15. Pines, D. & Nozieres, P. The Theory of Quantum Liquids (W. A. Benjamin, 1966).

    Google Scholar 

  16. Mortensen, N. A., Raza, S., Wubs, M., Søndergaard, T. & Bozhevolnyi, S. I. Nature Commun. 5, 3809 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Knoesel, E., Hotzel, A., Hertel, T., Wolf, M. & Ertl, G. Surf. Sci. 368, 76–81 (1996).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  18. Khurgin, J. B. & Sun, G. Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 011105 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Vollmer, F. & Yang, L. Nanophotonics 1, 267–291 (2012).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Khurgin, J. B. & Sun, G. Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181102 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work is supported in part by the Mid-InfraRed Technologies for Health and the Environment (MIRTHE) Research Center (National Science Foundation).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jacob B. Khurgin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Khurgin, J. How to deal with the loss in plasmonics and metamaterials. Nature Nanotech 10, 2–6 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2014.310

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2014.310

This article is cited by

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing