Biomolecular motors convert energy into directed motion and operate away from thermal equilibrium. The development of dynamic chemical systems that exploit dissipative (non-equilibrium) processes is a challenge in supramolecular chemistry and a premise for the realization of artificial nanoscale motors. Here, we report the relative unidirectional transit of a non-symmetric molecular axle through a macrocycle powered solely by light. The molecular machine rectifies Brownian fluctuations by energy and information ratchet mechanisms and can repeat its working cycle under photostationary conditions. The system epitomizes the conceptual and practical elements forming the basis of autonomous light-powered directed motion with a minimalist molecular design.
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This work was supported by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (PRIN 2010CX2TLM) and the University of Bologna (FARB SLaMM project). The authors thank F. Zerbetto and D. Astumian for discussions.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Ragazzon, G., Baroncini, M., Silvi, S. et al. Light-powered autonomous and directional molecular motion of a dissipative self-assembling system. Nature Nanotech 10, 70–75 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2014.260
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