Letter | Published:

Parallel patterning of nanoparticles via electrodynamic focusing of charged aerosols

Nature Nanotechnology volume 1, pages 117121 (2006) | Download Citation

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Abstract

The development of nanodevices that exploit the unique properties of nanoparticles1,2 will require high-speed methods for patterning surfaces with nanoparticles over large areas and with high resolution3,4,5,6. Moreover, the technique will need to work with both conducting and non-conducting surfaces. Here we report an ion-induced parallel-focusing approach that satisfies all requirements. Charged monodisperse aerosol nanoparticles are deposited onto a surface patterned with a photoresist while ions of the same polarity are introduced into the deposition chamber in the presence of an applied electric field. The ions accumulate on the photoresist, modifying the applied field to produce nanoscopic electrostatic lenses that focus the nanoparticles onto the exposed parts of the surface. We have demonstrated that the technique could produce high-resolution patterns at high speed on both conducting (p-type silicon) and non-conducting (silica) surfaces. Moreover, the feature sizes in the nanoparticle patterns were significantly smaller than those in the original photoresist pattern.

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Acknowledgements

This work was funded by Creative Research Initiatives program sponsored by Korea Ministry of Science and Technology. We thank H.C. Lee, S. B. Yoo and K. Jun for assistance. KFM measurements were carried out by K. S. Yoon at Psia.

Author information

Author notes

    • Hyoungchul Kim

    Present address: Nano-Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Korea

    • Jaehyun Kim
    • , Jeongsoo Suh
    • , Taeyoung Kim
    •  & Sungwon Kim

    Present address: Samsung Electronics, Gyeonggi-do 449-901, Korea

    • Hongjoo Yang

    Present address: LG-Philips LCD, Gyungsangbuk-do 730-726, Korea

    • Bangwoo Han

    Present address: Eco-machinery Engineering Department, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon 305-343, Korea

    • Dae Seong Kim

    Present address: Hyundai Calibration and Certification Technologies, Kyoungki-do 467-701, Korea

    • Peter V. Pikhitsa

    On leave from Physics Institute, Odessa National University, Ukraine

Affiliations

  1. National CRI Center for Nano Particle Control, Institute of Advanced Machinery and Design, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea

    • Hyoungchul Kim
    • , Jaehyun Kim
    • , Hongjoo Yang
    • , Jeongsoo Suh
    • , Taeyoung Kim
    • , Bangwoo Han
    • , Sungwon Kim
    • , Dae Seong Kim
    • , Peter V. Pikhitsa
    •  & Mansoo Choi

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Contributions

H.K., J.K. and M.C. conceived and designed the experiments; H.K., J.K., H.Y., J.S., T.K., B.H., S.K. and D.S.K. performed the experiments; H.K., P.V.P. and M.C. analysed the data. H.K. and J.K. contributed equally to the paper. M.C. and P.V.P. co-wrote the paper.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mansoo Choi.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2006.94

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