Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • News & Views
  • Published:

Facing up to stereotypes

Our understanding of faces reflects both our perception of their facial features and our social knowledge. This interaction of stereotypes and vision can be observed in brain signals in fusiform gyrus and orbitofrontal cortex.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Mapping stereotype responses to brain activity.


  1. Hugenberg, K. & Bodenhausen, G.V. Psychol. Sci. 15, 342–345 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Stolier, R.M. & Freeman, J.B. Nat. Neurosci. 19, 795–797 (2016).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Kanwisher, N. & Yovel, G. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 361, 2109–2128 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Kriegeskorte, N., Mur, M. & Bandettini, P. Front. Syst. Neurosci. 4, 10.3389/neuro.06.004.2008 (2008).

  5. Riesenhuber, M. & Poggio, T. Nat. Neurosci. 2, 1019–1025 (1999).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Reddy, L., Kanwisher, N.G. & VanRullen, R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 21447–21452 (2009).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Harel, A., Kravitz, D.J. & Baker, C.I. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 111, E962–E971 (2014).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Hickey, C. & Peelen, M.V. Neuron 85, 512–518 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Martin N Hebart or Chris I Baker.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Hebart, M., Baker, C. Facing up to stereotypes. Nat Neurosci 19, 763–764 (2016).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing