Theoretical approaches have long shaped neuroscience, but current needs for theory are elevated and prospects for advancement are bright. Advances in measuring and manipulating neurons demand new models and analyses to guide interpretation. Advances in theoretical neuroscience offer new insights into how signals evolve across areas and new approaches for connecting population activity with behavior. These advances point to a global understanding of brain function based on a hybrid of diverse approaches.
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Churchland, A., Abbott, L. Conceptual and technical advances define a key moment for theoretical neuroscience. Nat Neurosci 19, 348–349 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nn.4255
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