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Vibrio natriegens as a fast-growing host for molecular biology


A rapidly growing bacterial host would be desirable for a range of routine applications in molecular biology and biotechnology. The bacterium Vibrio natriegens has the fastest growth rate of any known organism, with a reported doubling time of <10 min. We report the development of genetic tools and methods to engineer V. natriegens and demonstrate the advantages of using these engineered strains in common biotech processes.

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Figure 1: Growth comparison of V. natriegens to several commonly used E. coli strains.
Figure 2: GFP expression from V. natriegens with an inducible T7 RNA polymerase driving expression of a plasmid-borne gene under a T7 promoter.

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The authors thank L. Fu, C. Ludka, R. Morey, and J. Gill for assistance with genome sequencing; A. Schwartz and D. Brami for assistance with genome assembly and annotation; T. Richardson and V. Akella for providing bioinformatics analysis and support; B. Griffin and R. Monds for technical advice; and J.C. Venter, H. Smith, O. Fetzer, and T. Peterson for their support and input on the project.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



M.T.W. conceived the study; M.T.W., E.D.H., C.M.W., and D.G.G. designed experiments; M.T.W., E.D.H., and C.M.W. performed experiments; M.T.W., E.D.H., C.M.W., and D.G.G. analyzed data and wrote the paper.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Matthew T Weinstock or Daniel G Gibson.

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Competing interests

M.T.W., E.D.H., C.M.W. and D.G.G. are employed by Synthetic Genomics, Inc. (SGI), a privately held company that funded this work. SGI has filed a provisional application with the US Patent and Trademark Office on aspects of this research.

Supplementary information

Supplementary Text and Figures

Supplementary Figures 1–20, Supplementary Tables 1–4 and Supplementary Notes 1–5. (PDF 2717 kb)

Supplementary Data

Plasmid sequences. (ZIP 46 kb)

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Weinstock, M., Hesek, E., Wilson, C. et al. Vibrio natriegens as a fast-growing host for molecular biology. Nat Methods 13, 849–851 (2016).

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