The iron chalcogenide Fe1+y(Te1−xSex) is structurally the simplest of the Fe-based superconductors1,2,3. Although the Fermi surface is similar to iron pnictides4,5, the parent compoundFe1+yTe exhibits antiferromagnetic order with an in-plane magnetic wave vector (π,0) (ref. 6). This contrasts the pnictide parent compounds where the magnetic order has an in-plane magnetic wave vector (π,π) that connects hole and electron parts of the Fermi surface7,8. Despite these differences, both the pnictide and chalcogenide Fe superconductors exhibit a superconducting spin resonance around (π,π) (refs 9, 10, 11). A central question in this burgeoning field is therefore how (π,π) superconductivity can emerge from a (π,0) magnetic instability12. Here, we report that the magnetic soft mode evolving from the (π,0)-type magnetic long-range order is associated with weak charge carrier localization. Bulk superconductivity occurs as magnetic correlations at (π,0) are suppressed and the mode at (π, π) becomes dominant for x>0.29. Our results suggest a common magnetic origin for superconductivity in iron chalcogenide and pnictide superconductors.
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The work at Tulane is supported by the NSF under grant DMR-0645305 for materials and equipment, and the DOE under DE-FG02-07ER46358 for personnel. Work at AMRI was supported by DARPA through grant HR 0011-09-1-0047. Work at NIST is in part supported by the NSF under grant DMR-0454672. Work at the Johns Hopkins University Institute for Quantum Matter is supported by the DOE under grant DE-FG02-08ER46544. D.N.A. and K.P. acknowledge the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft for support under the priority program SPP 1458 and contract AR 613/1-2.
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Liu, T., Hu, J., Qian, B. et al. From (π,0) magnetic order to superconductivity with (π,π) magnetic resonance in Fe1.02Te1−xSex. Nature Mater 9, 718–720 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2800
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