Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • News & Views
  • Published:

Magnetization dynamics

Ferromagnets stirred up

Conflicting observations of the speed at which various ferromagnetic materials respond to an external femtosecond laser excitation have generated considerable controversy. It is now shown that ferromagnets can be divided in two categories, according to the values of specific magnetic parameters.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Frozen image of a heated-up ferromagnet.
Figure 2: Insight into elementary mechanisms.


  1. Stanciu, C. D. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 047601 (2007).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Beaurepaire, E., Merle, J. C., Daunois, A. & Bigot, J. Y. Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4250–4254 (1996).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Melnikov, A. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 107202 (2008).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Kim, J. W., Lee, K.-D., Jeong, J.-W. & Shin, S.-C. Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 192506 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Müller, G. M. et al. Nature Mater. 8, 56–61 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Koopmans, B. et al. Nature Mater. 9, 259–265 (2010).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Atxitia, U., Chubykalo-Fesenko, O., Chantrell, R. W., Nowak, U. & Rebei, A. Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 057203 (2009).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Djordjevic, M. & Münzenberg, M. Phys. Rev. B 75, 012404 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Koopmans, B. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267207 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Walowski, J. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 237401 (2008).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Elliott, R. J. Phys. Rev. 96, 266–279 (1954).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Münzenberg, M. Ferromagnets stirred up. Nature Mater 9, 184–185 (2010).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing