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Steering molecular organization and host–guest interactions using two-dimensional nanoporous coordination systems

Nature Materials volume 3, pages 229233 (2004) | Download Citation

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Abstract

Metal–organic coordination networks (MOCNs) have attracted wide interest because they provide a novel route towards porous materials that may find applications in molecular recognition, catalysis, gas storage and separation1,2. The so-called rational design principle—synthesis of materials with predictable structures and properties—has been explored using appropriate organic molecular linkers connecting to metal nodes to control pore size and functionality of open coordination networks3,4,5,6,7,8,9. Here we demonstrate the fabrication of surface-supported MOCNs comprising tailored pore sizes and chemical functionality by the modular assembly of polytopic organic carboxylate linker molecules and iron atoms on a Cu(100) surface under ultra-high-vacuum conditions. These arrays provide versatile templates for the handling and organization of functional species at the nanoscale, as is demonstrated by their use to accommodate C60 guest molecules. Temperature-controlled studies reveal, at the single-molecule level, how pore size and chemical functionality determine the host–guest interactions.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany

    • Sebastian Stepanow
    • , Magalí Lingenfelder
    • , Alexandre Dmitriev
    • , Hannes Spillmann
    • , Nian Lin
    •  & Klaus Kern
  2. Institut de Physique des Nanostructures, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland

    • Erik Delvigne
    • , Johannes V. Barth
    •  & Klaus Kern
  3. Department of Chemistry and Center for Materials Chemistry, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5003, USA

    • Xiaobin Deng
    •  & Chengzhi Cai
  4. Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada

    • Johannes V. Barth

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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Nian Lin or Johannes V. Barth.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat1088

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