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The Yearbook

We list key people who made headlines this year, either by standing up for what they saw as right or by stopping what they felt was wrong.

Jenny Rohn Credit: Newscom

Jenny Rohn Most vital Threats of budget cuts can leave some researchers paralyzed by stress. But for Rohn, a cell biologist at University College London, proposed cuts to science funding were a call to action. In September, she launched the Science is Vital campaign, which rallied several thousand people for a one-day protest outside the UK Treasury building. When the government later finalized austerity measures, allocations for science were dealt a lighter blow than other sectors.

Bruce Charlton Credit: University of Buckingham

Bruce Charlton Most hypothetical What would it be like if Bruce Charlton were still editor in chief of the journal Medical Hypotheses? Alas, we won't know the answer to that hypothetical question. Following the publication of a paper questioning the causal link between HIV and AIDS, the journal's publisher Elsevier pushed for Medical Hypotheses to adopt peer review. Charlton stood by his guns that doing so would turn the journal into a “zombie” publication and was ultimately forced out.

Jacob Zuma Credit: Newscom

Jacob Zuma Most testy Zuma, the president of South Africa, is no stranger to controversy. At a 2006 court case in which he faced accusations of rape, of which he was later acquitted, he said that he took a shower after having had sex to cut his risk of contracting HIV. In a turnaround, Zuma was applauded this year for taking an HIV test in public (he tested negative) and for encouraging others in the country to check their HIV status.

Fang Shimin Credit: Fang Shimin

Fang Shimin Least likely to back down Chinese blogger Shimin has investigated and exposed numerous counts of scientific misconduct. But even writing under a pen name ('Fang Zhouzi') did not protect him from a physical attack, in which he says he was chased down by assailants wielding a hammer. Shimin suffered only minor injuries, but the incident brought attention to the perils faced by journalists reporting on fraud in China.

Royce Lamberth Credit: Associated Press

Royce Lamberth Most likely to start a fight Lamberth, a US federal district court judge, can start a fight—but it's not the physical kind. In August, Lamberth issued a temporary injunction blocking President Barack Obama's executive order expanding federal funding for research involving embryonic stem cells, a legal action that reignited the debate over the government's support for this controversial field.

Margaret Hamburg Credit: Newscom

Margaret Hamburg Least likely to have egg on her face A Salmonella outbreak that sickened hundreds and led to the largest egg recall in US history served as a rallying cry for Hamburg, who, as commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, called on lawmakers to give the agency greater power to issue mandatory recalls of food products. Under her leadership, “the agency has made substantial progress in reducing conflicts of interest among members” of its drug advisory committees, according to the New York Times.

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The Yearbook. Nat Med 16, 1359 (2010).

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