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Pain, plasticity, and premature birth: a prescription for permanent suffering?

A collection of clinical and animal studies suggest that exposure to pain during the neonatal period leads to long-term changes in neural circuitry and behavior, contradicting the theory that infants don't ‘remember’ painful experiences.

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Anand, K. Pain, plasticity, and premature birth: a prescription for permanent suffering?. Nat Med 6, 971–973 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1038/79658

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