The vision of Typhoon Lengkieki

Around 1775, Typhoon Lengkieki decimated the population in the Micronesian Pingelap Atoll, leaving only a handful of survivors to repopulate the islands. Their ancestors have a high incidence of the autosomal recessive disorder achromatopsia, or total colorblindness, and genetic analysis of the Pingelapese has revealed the mutation responsible.

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Sheffield, V. The vision of Typhoon Lengkieki. Nat Med 6, 746–747 (2000) doi:10.1038/77465

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