Cardiovascular response, feeding behavior and locomotor activity in mice lacking the NPY Y1 receptor

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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36-amino-acid neurotransmitter which is widely distributed throughout the central and peripheral nervous system1. NPY involvement has been suggested in various physiological responses including cardiovascular homeostasis2 and the hypothalamic control of food intake3. At least six subtypes of NPY receptors have been described4,5. Because of the lack of selective antagonists, the specific role of each receptor subtype has been difficult to establish. Here we describe mice deficient for the expression of the Y1 receptor subtype. Homozygous mutant mice demonstrate a complete absence of blood pressure response to NPY, whereas they retain normal response to other vasoconstrictors. Daily food intake, as well as NPY-stimulated feeding, are only slightly diminished, whereas fast-induced refeeding is markedly reduced. Adult mice lacking the NPY Y1 receptor are characterized by increased body fat with no change in protein content. The higher energetic efficiency of mutant mice might result, in part, from the lower metabolic rate measured during the active period, associated with reduced locomotor activity. These results demonstrate the importance of NPY Y1 receptors in NPY-mediated cardiovascular response and in the regulation of body weight through central control of energy expenditure. In addition, these data are also indicative of a role for the Y1 receptor in the control of food intake.

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Pedrazzini, T., Seydoux, J., Künstner, P. et al. Cardiovascular response, feeding behavior and locomotor activity in mice lacking the NPY Y1 receptor. Nat Med 4, 722–726 (1998) doi:10.1038/nm0698-722

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