WASHINGTON, DC — The next time a viral outbreak like H1N1 influenza or the SARS virus threatens the world, Robert Gallo wants the scientific community to be ready. To make that happen, last month Gallo launched the Global Virus Network (GVN), an international group of leading virologists and medical researchers tasked with providing scientific expertise to government agencies in the face of emerging infectious viral agents.
“An independent voice of medical laboratory scientists would be a great addition to the surveillance world,” says Gallo, who co-discovered the HIV retrovirus in 1984 and is currently director of the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore.
At a meeting here in early March, representatives from 16 countries gathered to determine the network's mandate and mission. As envisioned by its members, the GVN will serve as a clearinghouse for rapid data collection and disease containment. In response to an outbreak, the organization would send researchers from one of its many international academic centers into the field to collect samples and help local officials diagnose and treat infected people.
The GVN, which hopes to secure a budget of at least $25 million per year with donations from governments, research centers, charitable organizations and private companies, would engage with—yet remain autonomous of—other agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Both of these agencies, which have ongoing discussions with GVN officials about how the groups can best work together, are also involved in controlling viral pathogens but are often more constrained by political considerations and region-specific funding support.
“We're not saying that the WHO or CDC can't do this. But because of our totally scientific approach, maybe we can get to it quicker,” says GVN cofounder William Hall, a medical microbiologist at University College Dublin.
In addition to providing first-responder scientific know how, the network also plans to launch education initiatives to train more researchers about how to counter emerging infectious diseases. “We have to cultivate and nurture a younger generation of virologists with a keen motivation to deal with public health issues,” says Jonathan Gershoni, a molecular immunologist at Tel Aviv University and the Israeli representative to the GVN.
Nathan Wolfe, a Stanford University virologist who directs the Global Viral Forecasting Initiative, a San Francisco–based infectious disease outbreak research and advocacy organization, welcomes the arrival of another group with a similar mandate. “What's being done now is just a drop in the bucket of what needs to be done in order to stop pandemics before they occur,” he says.
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Mann, A. New organization pledges scientific expertise for viral outbreaks. Nat Med 17, 394 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/nm0411-394a