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Imaging of amyloid-β deposits in brains of living mice permits direct observation of clearance of plaques with immunotherapy

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Figure 1: Imaging of amyloid-β deposits in the live mouse.
Figure 2: Clearance of dense-core amyloid-β deposits after immunotherapy.
Figure 3: In vivo imaging of amyloid-β deposits in 20-month-old homozygous PDAPP mice.
Figure 4: Histological analysis of imaged brains from 20-month-old homozygous PDAPP mice using biotinylated antibody 3D6 shows an extraordinarily high level of amyloid-β deposits throughout the cortex and hippocampal formation.
Figure 5: Marked local microglial activation, as assessed with biotin-labeled tomato lectin, occurs 3 days after the skull preparation and imaging.
Figure 6: Confocal thin optical sections (0.2 μm) were reconstructed to illustrate the intimate relationship of microglia with remaining amyloid-β three days after treatment with 10D5-fluorescein.


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This work was supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging (AG08487, P01AG15453 and T32GM07753), and support from the Alzheimer Association and the Walters Family Foundation. An unrestricted gift from Elan Pharmaceuticals supported housing costs for the animals.

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Correspondence to Bradley T. Hyman.

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Bacskai, B., Kajdasz, S., Christie, R. et al. Imaging of amyloid-β deposits in brains of living mice permits direct observation of clearance of plaques with immunotherapy. Nat Med 7, 369–372 (2001).

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