Commentary | Published:

Uncertainty in xenotransplantation: Individual benefit versus collective risk

Nature Medicinevolume 4pages141144 (1998) | Download Citation


Xenotransplantation continues to present daunting scientific hurdles but there is now a genuine prospect for clinical application. There are also significant and unknown risks. We call for a moratorium on all human xenotransplantation and offer a strategy for balancing the ethical, medical, scientific and societal demands of xenotransplantation prior to human clinical trials.

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Author notes

    • H.V. Fineberg

    Present address: Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA


  1. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 99 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, USA

    • F.H. Bach
    • , L. Forrow
    •  & S.C. Robson
  2. Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School

    • J.A. Fishman
  3. Department of Philosophy, Tufts University

    • N. Daniels
  4. Harvard School of Public Health

    • J. Proimos
    • , B. Anderson
    •  & H.V. Fineberg
  5. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School

    • C.B. Carpenter


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