Antiretroviral therapy is not curative. Given the challenges in providing lifelong therapy to a global population of more than 35 million people living with HIV, there is intense interest in developing a cure for HIV infection. The International AIDS Society convened a group of international experts to develop a scientific strategy for research towards an HIV cure. This Perspective summarizes the group's strategy.

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J.L. is supported in part by federal funds from the NCI/NIH under contract no. HHSN261200800001E. The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the DHHS, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. government. The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be construed to represent the positions of the U.S. Army, the Department of Defense or the US National Institutes of Health. Y.-R.L. is a World Health Organization (WHO) staff member. The opinions herein are those of the authors and should not be construed as official or representing the views of the WHO. The authors acknowledge T. Rasmussen, T. Mota and M. Crane for assistance with preparation of figures.

Author information

Author notes

    • Steven G Deeks
    •  & Sharon R Lewin

    These authors contributed equally to this work.


  1. Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

    • Steven G Deeks
    • , Judith Auerbach
    • , Timothy J Henrich
    •  & Joseph McCune
  2. The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

    • Sharon R Lewin
  3. Department of Infectious Diseases, Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

    • Sharon R Lewin
  4. International and Scientific Relations Office, ANRS, Paris, France.

    • Anna Laura Ross
  5. US Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA.

    • Jintanat Ananworanich
  6. Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

    • Jintanat Ananworanich
  7. Molecular Virology Lab, Institute of Human Genetics, CNRS UPR 1142, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

    • Monsef Benkirane
  8. Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

    • Paula Cannon
  9. CRCHUM and Department of Microbiology, Infectiology, and Immunology, Université de Montréal, Faculty of Medicine, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

    • Nicolas Chomont
  10. Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

    • Daniel Douek
  11. AIDS and Cancer Virus Program, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., Frederick National Laboratory, Frederick, Maryland, USA.

    • Jeffrey D Lifson
  12. World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, Manila, Philippines.

    • Ying-Ru Lo
  13. Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Daniel Kuritzkes
    •  & Timothy J Henrich
  14. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

    • David Margolis
    •  & Gail Henderson
  15. Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

    • John Mellors
  16. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine & Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

    • Deborah Persaud
  17. University of North Carolina–Project China, Guangzhou, China.

    • Joseph D Tucker
  18. Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

    • Françoise Barre-Sinoussi
  19. Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Galit Alter
    •  & Dan H Barouch
  20. Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CIMI–Paris, France.

    • Brigitte Autran
  21. Inserm U1135, CIMI–Paris, Paris, France.

    • Brigitte Autran
  22. AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Département d'Immunologie, Paris, France.

    • Brigitte Autran
  23. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Dan H Barouch
  24. Clinic for Immunology and Rhematology, Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Germany.

    • Georg Behrens
  25. Centre d'Investigation Clinique en biothérapie, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.

    • Marina Cavazzana
  26. AIDS Institute, The University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong.

    • Zhiwei Chen
  27. Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada.

    • Éric A Cohen
  28. European AIDS Treatment Group, Italy.

    • Giulio Maria Corbelli
  29. Programme PAC-CI, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

    • Serge Eholié
  30. Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Department of Global Health and Population, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Nir Eyal
  31. Department of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom.

    • Sarah Fidler
  32. The B-Change Group, Manila, Philippines.

    • Laurindo Garcia
  33. National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

    • Cynthia Grossman
  34. Treatment Action Group, New York, New York, USA.

    • Richard Jefferys
  35. Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, USA.

    • Hans-Peter Kiem
  36. Centre for Medical Ethics and Law, Department of Medicine, Stellenbosch University, Western Cape, South Africa.

    • Keymanthri Moodley
  37. Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

    • Peter A Newman
  38. Department of Medical Microbiology, Virology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands.

    • Monique Nijhuis
  39. Joint Clinical Research Centre, Kampala, Uganda.

    • Moses Supercharger Nsubuga
  40. Gladstone Institutes, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

    • Melanie Ott
  41. Westmead Millennium Institute for Medical Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

    • Sarah Palmer
  42. Virginia San Diego Healthcare System and University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

    • Douglas Richman
  43. Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

    • Asier Saez-Cirion
  44. Independent HIV Education and Advocacy Consultant, San Francisco, California, USA.

    • Matthew Sharp
  45. Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

    • Janet Siliciano
  46. Yerkes National Primate Research Centre, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

    • Guido Silvestri
  47. Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

    • Jerome Singh
  48. INSERM UMR_S912, Marseille, France.

    • Bruno Spire
  49. CARE Collaboratory Community Advisory Board, Palm Springs, California, USA.

    • Jeffrey Taylor
  50. Institute of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

    • Martin Tolstrup
  51. Department of Immunology and Microbial Sciences, The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, Florida, USA.

    • Susana Valente
  52. ViiV Healthcare, London, United Kingdom.

    • Jan van Lunzen
  53. Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Rochelle Walensky
  54. Department of Health Services, Policy & Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

    • Ira Wilson
  55. David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

    • Jerome Zack


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Competing interests

S.G.D. has received research funding and support from Gilead Sciences, Merck and ViiV, and consulting fees from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Bionor and InVirVax. J.V.L. is a full-time employee of ViiV Healthcare, a company developing and distributing antiretroviral drugs. J.W.M. is a consultant to Gilead Sciences, has received research funding from Gilead Sciences and Bristol-Myers Squibb and owns shares in Co-Crystal Pharma, Inc. D.M.M. has received research funding from Gilead Sciences, Bristol-Myers Squibb and Qura Therapeutics, consulting fees from Merck Research Laboratories, and owns common stock in Gilead Sciences A.S.-C. reports a grant from MSD, consultancy honoraria from ViiV healthcare, lecture honoraria from MSD, Gilead and Bristol-Myers Squibb. S.R.L.'s institution receives funding for investigator-initiated studies from Merck, Gilead Sciences, Viiv and Tetralogic pharmaceuticals. She has received consulting fees from and is on the advisory board of Bionor and honoraria for educational activities from Viiv and Merck.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Steven G Deeks.

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