Brief Communication | Published:

A new human immunodeficiency virus derived from gorillas

Nature Medicine volume 15, pages 871872 (2009) | Download Citation



We have identified a new human immunodeficiency virus in a Cameroonian woman. It is closely related to gorilla simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVgor) and shows no evidence of recombination with other HIV-1 lineages. This new virus seems to be the prototype of a new HIV-1 lineage that is distinct from HIV-1 groups M, N and O. We propose to designate it HIV-1 group P.

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We thank H. Ichou for field assistance and all the staff of the Rouen Virology Laboratory. Funding was provided by Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le Sida et les Hépatites and Rouen University Hospital, France. J.E.D. is supported by a Wellcome Trust studentship.

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  1. Laboratoire associé au Centre National de Référence du Virus de l'Immunodéficience Humaine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rouen, Equipe d'Accueil EA2656, Faculté de Médecine-Pharmacie, Université de Rouen, France.

    • Jean-Christophe Plantier
    • , Marie Leoz
    • , Fabienne De Oliveira
    •  & Véronique Lemée
  2. Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.

    • Jonathan E Dickerson
    •  & David L Robertson
  3. Hôpital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France.

    • François Cordonnier
  4. Hôpital Bichat, Paris, France.

    • Florence Damond
  5. Hôpital Saint-Louis, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U941, Faculté de Médecine, Université Paris-Diderot, Paris, France.

    • François Simon


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J.-C.P., M.L. and F.D.O. conceived of and designed the experiments. M.L., F.D.O. and V.L. performed the molecular and serological experiments. J.E.D. and D.L.R. performed the computational analysis. F.C. managed the subject and collected epidemiological data. J.-C.P., V.L. and F.D. monitored the subject's virologic status. J.-C.P, M.L., J.E.D., F.D.O., D.L.R. and F.S. wrote the paper.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jean-Christophe Plantier.

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