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Multistoried roles for B lymphocytes in autoimmunity

Nature Immunology volume 11, pages 10651068 (2010) | Download Citation

Abstract

In autoimmune disease, multifaceted approaches are being explored to tailor a particular treatment that targets a specific cell at the appropriate disease stage. The key roles of B lymphocytes have enabled them to enter the clinical arena. In turn, clinical trials have suggested several leads for future research.

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Acknowledgements

We thank colleagues for allowing citation of unpublished data and apologize for the omission of other data because of space limitations.

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Masaki Hikada is with the Center for Innovation in Immunoregulative Technology and Therapeutics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

    • Masaki Hikada
  2. Moncef Zouali is with Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U606, and Université Paris 7, Unité Mixte de Recherche-S 606, Paris, France.

    • Moncef Zouali

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Competing interests

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Moncef Zouali.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/ni1210-1065

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