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Immunology south of the equator in the Americas

Nature Immunology volume 9, pages 10871090 (2008) | Download Citation

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Abstract

Despite a troubled economic and political past, a tradition of fundamental research in immunology and infectious diseases has been fostered in Argentina, Brazil and Chile, as well as in other South American countries.

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Acknowledgements

We thank R. Barrere of the Argentinean Center of Scientific and Technological Information (Argentinian National Research Council of Scientific and Technical Investigations), C. Cassanello (National Agency for Promotion of Science and Technology), C. da Silva Valério of the Brazilian Research Council (National Council of Technological and Scientific Development of Brazil) and the Chilean National Research Council and Iniciativa Científica Milenio from Chile for information; C.D. Pasqualini, C. Riera, L. Fainboim, M. Isturiz, A. De Ioannes, F. Zavala, M. Rosemblatt, S. Jacobelli and V. Rumjanek for historical insights; E. Charreau, J. Geffner, S. Bueno and P. Gonzalez for discussions; and M. Toscano for figure design. We apologize to the many scientists in our countries not cited in this article because of space limitations or involuntary omission.

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Affiliations

  1. Gabriel A. Rabinovich is in the Laboratorio de Inmunopatología, Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires C1428, Argentina and the Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires C1428, Argentina.  gabyrabi@ciudad.com.ar

    • Gabriel A Rabinovich
  2. Alexis M. Kalergis is with the Millennium Nucleus on Immunology and Immunotherapy, Departamento de Genética Molecular y Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas and Departamento de Reumatología, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago E-8331010, Chile.

    • Alexis M Kalergis
  3. Norberto W. Zwirner is in the Laboratorio de Inmunopatología, Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Buenos Aires C1428, Argentina.

    • Norberto W Zwirner
  4. Wilson Savino is in the Laboratório de Pesquisas sobre o Timo, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21045-900, Brazil.

    • Wilson Savino

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/ni1008-1087

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