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Immunology in the spotlight at the Dover 'Intelligent Design' trial

Immunology had an unexpected and decisive part in challenging the claims of 'Intelligent Design' proponents at the US trial on the teaching of evolution in public schools in Dover, Pennsylvania.

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We thank the authors of the articles and books on the evolution of the immune system presented during the trial ( and contributors to Panda's Thumb ( and Talkorigins Archive ( for suggestions during the trial and for comments on this manuscript. The decision, trial transcripts and all court documents are available through the National Center for Science Education (

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Correspondence to Andrea Bottaro.

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Bottaro, A., Inlay, M. & Matzke, N. Immunology in the spotlight at the Dover 'Intelligent Design' trial. Nat Immunol 7, 433–435 (2006).

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