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Author notes

    • Abul K Abbas
    • , Christophe Benoist
    • , Jeffrey A Bluestone
    • , Daniel J Campbell
    • , Sankar Ghosh
    • , Shohei Hori
    • , Shuiping Jiang
    • , Vijay K Kuchroo
    • , Diane Mathis
    • , Maria Grazia Roncarolo
    • , Alexander Rudensky
    • , Shimon Sakaguchi
    • , Ethan M Shevach
    • , Dario A A Vignali
    •  & Steve F Ziegler

    These authors contributed equally to this work.


  1. Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

    • Abul K Abbas
  2. Division of Immunology, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Christophe Benoist
    •  & Diane Mathis
  3. Diabetes Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

    • Jeffrey A Bluestone
  4. Immunology Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, USA.

    • Daniel J Campbell
    •  & Steve F Ziegler
  5. Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA.

    • Sankar Ghosh
  6. Research Unit for Immune Homeostasis, RIKEN Research Center for Allergy and Immunology, Yokohama, Japan.

    • Shohei Hori
  7. Immunis Clinic, Beijing, China.

    • Shuiping Jiang
  8. Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

    • Vijay K Kuchroo
  9. San Raffaele Telethon Institute for Gene Therapy, Division of Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cells and Gene Therapy, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

    • Maria Grazia Roncarolo
  10. Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York, USA.

    • Alexander Rudensky
  11. Laboratory of Experimental Immunology, World Premier Initiative Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan.

    • Shimon Sakaguchi
  12. Laboratory of Immunology, National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

    • Ethan M Shevach
  13. Department of Immunology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

    • Dario A A Vignali


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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dario A A Vignali.

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