Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Biogeochemistry

Earth's redox evolution

The timing and nature of changes in the chemistry of the early oceans are intensely debated. Geochemical analyses show that a prominent transition to sulphidic marine conditions 1.8 billion years ago may have been restricted to near-shore environments.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Schematic of ocean redox conditions 1.8 billion years ago.

References

  1. 1

    Canfield, D. E. Nature 396, 450–453 (1998).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Poulton, S. W., Fralick, P. W. & Canfield, D. E. Nature 431, 173–177 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Brocks, J. J. et al. Nature 437, 866–870 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Poulton, S. W., Fralick, P. W. & Canfield, D. E. Nature Geosci. 3, 486–490 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Canfield, D. E. & Teske, A. Nature 382, 127–132 (1996).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Canfield, D. E. et al. Science 321, 949–952 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Li, C. et al. Science 328, 80–83 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Kaufman, A. J., Hayes, J. M., Knoll, A. H. & Germs, G. J. B. Precambrian Res. 49, 301–327 (1991).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Lyons, T. W., Werne, J. P., Hollander, D. J. & Murray, R. W. Chem. Geol. 195, 131–157 (2003).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Paulmier, A. & Ruiz-Pino, D. Prog. Oceanogr. 80, 113 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Aller, R. C., Madrid, V., Chistoserdov, A., Aller, J. Y. & Heilbrun, C. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 10.1016/j.gca.2010.05.008 (2010).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fike, D. Earth's redox evolution. Nature Geosci 3, 453–454 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo903

Download citation

Search

Quick links