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Beneath a floating ice shelf

Pine Island Glacier on West Antarctica's Amundsen Sea coast has experienced accelerating retreat over the past few decades. Oceanographic observations under the associated ice shelf show how changes in water flow and ice-cavity geometry have contributed to ice melting.

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Figure 1: Schematic ice-shelf retreat.


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Schoof, C. Beneath a floating ice shelf. Nature Geosci 3, 450–451 (2010).

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