The Netherlands has a long and varied history of coastal and river flood management. The anticipation of sea-level rise during the twenty-first century has renewed the push for sustainable solutions to coastal vulnerability.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Wageningen University and Research Centre, PO Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands

    • Pavel Kabat
  2. University of Amsterdam, PO Box 19268, 1000 GG Amsterdam, The Netherlands

    • Louise O. Fresco
  3. Delft Technical University, PO Box 5048, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands

    • Marcel J. F. Stive
  4. Bracamonte BV, Postweg 11, 6561 KJ Groesbeek, The Netherlands

    • Cees P. Veerman
  5. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, PO Box 17, 8200 AA Lelystad, The Netherlands

    • Jos S. L. J. van Alphen
  6. Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, PO Box 20904, 2500 EX Den Haag, The Netherlands

    • Bart W. A. H. Parmet
  7. Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI), PO Box 201, 3730 AE De Bilt, The Netherlands.

    • Wilco Hazeleger
    •  & Caroline A. Katsman

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pavel Kabat.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo572

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