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How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world

Nature Geoscience volume 1, pages 636639 (2008) | Download Citation

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On 13 October 1908, Fritz Haber filed his patent on the “synthesis of ammonia from its elements” for which he was later awarded the 1918 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. A hundred years on we live in a world transformed by and highly dependent upon Haber–Bosch nitrogen.

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Acknowledgements

We acknowledge financing from the European Commission for the NitroEurope Integrated Project, the European Science Foundation for the NinE programme and the COST programme (European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research) for COST 729. This article was prepared as a contribution to the International Nitrogen Initiative and the Task Force on Reactive Nitrogen of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.

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Affiliations

  1. Energy Research Center of the Netherlands, ECN, PO Box 1, 1755 ZG Petten, the Netherlands;

    • Jan Willem Erisman
  2. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh Research Station, Bush Estate, Penicuik, Midlothian, EH26 0QB, UK;

    • Mark A. Sutton
  3. Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, PO Box 400123, 291 McCormick Rd, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, USA;

    • James Galloway
  4. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria;

    • Zbigniew Klimont
    •  & Wilfried Winiwarter
  5. Austrian Research Centers, Donau-City Str. 1, A-1220 Vienna, Austria.

    • Wilfried Winiwarter

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jan Willem Erisman.

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo325

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