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Vulcan rule beneath the sea

Over 70% of the volcanism on Earth occurs beneath an ocean veil. Now, robotic- and fibre-optic-based technologies are beginning to reveal this deep environment and identify subaqueous volcanoes as rich sources of sulfur, carbon dioxide and life.

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Figure 1: White microbial floc streams at the summit of Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge.



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Correspondence to Deborah Kelley.

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Kelley, D. Vulcan rule beneath the sea. Nature Geosci 10, 251–253 (2017).

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