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Chronicling a medieval eruption

The climatic response to the eruption of the Samalas Volcano in 1257 has been elusive. Medieval archives tell of a spatially variable reaction, with Europe and Japan experiencing severe cold compared to relative warmth in North America.

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Figure 1: Medieval manuscript describing the climatic response to the Samalas eruption observed in 1258.


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Correspondence to Francis Ludlow.

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Ludlow, F. Chronicling a medieval eruption. Nature Geosci 10, 78–79 (2017).

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