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Volcanoes

Making calderas from mud

Nature Geoscience volume 1, pages 500501 (2008) | Download Citation

Mud volcanoes often exhibit calderas, which are large circular depressions at their summit. Detailed mapping around the Caspian Sea suggests that caldera-forming mud volcanoes are dynamically similar to magmatic volcanoes.

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Author information

Affiliations

  1. Achim J. Kopf is at the MARUM Research Centre at Bremen University, 28359 Bremen, Germany.  akopf@uni-bremen.de

    • Achim J. Kopf

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo256

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