Duality in climate science

Delivery of palatable 2 °C mitigation scenarios depends on speculative negative emissions or changing the past. Scientists must make their assumptions transparent and defensible, however politically uncomfortable the conclusions.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Our Common Future under Climate Change—Outcome Statement (CFCC15 Scientific Committee, 2015); http://go.nature.com/WCKRsl

  2. 2

    Concluding Instalment of the Fifth Assessment Report IPCC Press Release (2 November 2014); http://go.nature.com/Xgwz7E

  3. 3

    The Emissions Gap Report 2014 (United Nations Environment Programme, 2014).

  4. 4

    Fuss, S. et al. Nature 4, 850–853 (2014).

  5. 5

    Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report (eds Pachauri, R. K. et al.) (IPCC, 2014).

  6. 6

    IPCC Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change (eds Edenhofer, O. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2014).

  7. 7

    Global Carbon Atlas Emissions The Global Carbon Project; http://www.globalcarbonatlas.org/?q=en/emissions

  8. 8

    Anderson, K. et al. Energy Policy 36, 3714–3722 (2008).

  9. 9

    Anderson, K. & Bows, A. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 369, 20–44 (2011).

  10. 10

    Frame, D. et al. Nature Geosci. 7, 692–693 (2014).

  11. 11

    Cement Technology Road Map 2009 (International Energy Agency, 2009); http://go.nature.com/Ao4ZcH

  12. 12

    Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 (International Energy Agency, 2014); http://go.nature.com/CLk8Tf

  13. 13

    Hammond, G. et al. Energy Policy 52, 103–116 (2013).

Download references

Acknowledgements

I thank G. Peters and R. Andrew from CICERO, Oslo, for guidance with the IPCC scenario database and global cement emissions, respectively; K. West from the IEA, Paris, for information related to IEA cement scenarios; and M. Sharmina and J. Kuriakose for deforestation scenarios, and A. Bows-Larkin and J. Broderick for carbon budgets, from the Tyndall Centre, Univ. Manchester.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kevin Anderson.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Anderson, K. Duality in climate science. Nature Geosci 8, 898–900 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2559

Download citation

Further reading