Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Disintegration of Apollo lunar soil

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Break-down of lunar soil particles over 40 years of storage.


  1. McKay, D. S., Basu, A. & Nace, G. Proc. 11th Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf. Vol. 2, 1531–1550 (Lunar and Planetary Institute, 1980).

  2. Butler, J. C., Greene, G. M. & King Jr, E. A. Proc. 4th Lunar Sci. Conf. Vol. 4, 267–278 (Lunar and Planetary Institute, 1973).

  3. Heiken, G. H., McKay, D. S. & Fruland, R. M. Proc. 4th Lunar Sci. Conf. Vol. 4, 251–265 (Lunar and Planetary Institute, 1973).

  4. Eshel, G., Levy, G. J., Mingelgrin, U. & Singer, M. J. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68, 736–743 (2004).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Gammage, R. B., Holmes, H. F., Fuller, E. L. Jr & Glasson D. R . Colloid Interf. Sci. 47, 350–364 (1974).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cadenhead, D. A. & Stetter, J. R. in Proc. 5th Lunar Sci. Conf. Vol. 3, 2301–2316 (Lunar and Planetary Institute, 1974).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Arnold, G. W., De Marchi, G., Mazzoldi, P. & Battaglin, G. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B 116, 364–368 (1996).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Petit, J.-C., Dran, J.-C., Della Mea, G. & Paccagnella, A. Chem. Geol. 78, 219–227 (1989).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Dukes, C. A. & Baragiola, R. A. MRS Proc. 1298, (2011).

Download references


This work was supported in part by the research fund of Hanyang University Korea (HY- 2013-N) via the International Space Exploration Research Institute. The measurements were conducted under the auspices of NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center's Astromaterials Research and Exploration Sciences (ARES) Directorate. Samples for this study were provided by NASA's Johnson Space Center and L.A. Taylor of U.T. Knoxville. R. Fruland provided previously unpublished sieve data for 10084,853. M. Sandel provided input on statistical significance of the data.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to B. L. Cooper.

Supplementary information

Supplementary Information

Supplementary information (PDF 2335 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cooper, B., Thaisen, K., Chang, B. et al. Disintegration of Apollo lunar soil. Nature Geosci 8, 657–658 (2015).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing