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The year without a summer

The 1815 eruption of Tambora caused an unusually cold summer in much of Europe in 1816. The extreme weather led to poor harvests and malnutrition, but also demonstrated the capability of humans to adapt and help others in worse conditions.

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Figure 1: Climate anomalies with respect to the 1951–1980 period in 1816.
Figure 2: Climate and societal interactions.

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Correspondence to J. Luterbacher.

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Luterbacher, J., Pfister, C. The year without a summer. Nature Geosci 8, 246–248 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2404

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