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Metals for a low-carbon society

Renewable energy requires infrastructures built with metals whose extraction requires more and more energy. More mining is unavoidable, but increased recycling, substitution and careful design of new high-tech devices will help meet the growing demand.

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Figure 1

© B CHRISTOPHER/ALAMY

Figure 2: Increasing global consumption of raw materials.

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Correspondence to Olivier Vidal.

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Vidal, O., Goffé, B. & Arndt, N. Metals for a low-carbon society. Nature Geosci 6, 894–896 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1993

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