Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Convergent Cenozoic CO2 history

Reconstructions of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 65 million years are heading towards consensus. It is time for systematic testing of the proxies, against measurements and against each other.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

Figure 1: Earth's Cenozoic atmospheric CO2 history by proxy.
Figure 2: Fossil materials recording Earth's past CO2 history.

References

  1. 1

    Lacis, A. A., Schmidt, G. A., Rind, D. & Ruedy, R. A. Science 330, 356–359 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Raupach, M. R. & Canadell, J. G. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain. 2, 210–218 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Hansen, J. et al. Open Atmos. Sci. J. 2, 217–231 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Edwards, E. J. et al. Science 328, 587–591 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Royer, D. L., Berner, R. A. & Beerling, D. J. Earth Sci. Rev. 54, 349–392 (2001).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Fletcher, B. J., Brentnall, S. J., Anderson, C. W., Berner, R. A. & Beerling, D. J. Nature Geosci. 1, 43–48 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Lowenstein, T. K. & Demicco, R. V. Science 313, 1928 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    IPCC Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis (eds Solomon, S. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2007).

  9. 9

    Breecker, D. O., Sharp, Z. D. & McFadden, L. D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 107, 576–580 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Klochko, K., Kaufman, A. J., Yao, W. S., Byrne, R. H. & Tossell, J. A. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 248, 276–285 (2006).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Beerling, D. J., Fox, A. & Anderson, C. W. Am. J. Sci. 309, 775–787 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Henderiks, J. & Pagani, M. Paleoceanography 22, PA3202 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Le Quéré, C. et al. Nature Geosci. 2, 831–836 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Luthi, D. et al. Nature 453, 379–382 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    Freeman, K. & Pagani, M. in A History of Atmospheric CO2 and its Effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems (eds Ehleringer, J. R., Cerling, T. E. & Dearing, D. M.) 35–61 (Springer, 2005).

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    Hönisch, B., Hemming, N. G., Archer, D., Siddall, M. & McManus, J. F. Science 324, 1551–1554 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Tripati, A. K., Roberts, C. D. & Eagle, R. A. Science 326, 1394–1397 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Rundgren, M. & Björck, S. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 213, 191–204 (2003).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    Jasper, J. P. & Hayes, J. M. Nature 347, 462–464 (1990).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    Seki, O. et al. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 292, 201–211 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to David J. Beerling.

Supplementary information

Supplementary information

Supplementary information (XLS 83 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Beerling, D., Royer, D. Convergent Cenozoic CO2 history. Nature Geosci 4, 418–420 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1186

Download citation

Further reading

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing