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Gender imbalance in US geoscience academia

An Erratum to this article was published on 12 February 2008

Geoscientists explain women's under-representation in our field along three dominant themes: the structure of academia, historically low numbers of women, and women's views and choices. Which factor they perceive as most important depends overwhelmingly on their gender.

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Figure 1: Proportions of women in each academic rank in US geoscience academia11.
Figure 2: How male and female geoscientists explain the low numbers of women in academic positions in the US.


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This research was funded by the National Science Foundation ADVANCE program (award number 0123669), and by the Association for Women Geoscientists Foundation. Research methods were approved by University of Nebraska-Lincoln (IRB number: 2002-03-237). Discussions with Carol de Wet, Gail Ashley, Julie Winkler, and all participants at our workshop, “Where are the Women Geoscience Professors?” greatly aided our thinking regarding these issues and we thank them for their generosity.

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Correspondence to Mary Anne Holmes.

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Supplementary table S1 and figures S1-S2 (PDF 541 kb)

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Holmes, M., O'Connell, S., Frey, C. et al. Gender imbalance in US geoscience academia. Nature Geosci 1, 79–82 (2008).

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