Geoscientists explain women's under-representation in our field along three dominant themes: the structure of academia, historically low numbers of women, and women's views and choices. Which factor they perceive as most important depends overwhelmingly on their gender.
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This research was funded by the National Science Foundation ADVANCE program (award number 0123669), and by the Association for Women Geoscientists Foundation. Research methods were approved by University of Nebraska-Lincoln (IRB number: 2002-03-237). Discussions with Carol de Wet, Gail Ashley, Julie Winkler, and all participants at our workshop, “Where are the Women Geoscience Professors?” greatly aided our thinking regarding these issues and we thank them for their generosity.
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Holmes, M., O'Connell, S., Frey, C. et al. Gender imbalance in US geoscience academia. Nature Geosci 1, 79–82 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo113
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