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Maintenance of heterochromatin by RNA interference of tandem repeats

Abstract

Tandem repeats are prone to epigenetic silencing regulated by RNA interference. This may be because siRNAs from tandem array transcripts are regenerated by RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) and Dicer, but siRNAs from single-copy sequences are exhausted by sequential use of downstream primers by RdRP. This could account for the formation of heterochromatin from tandem repeats.

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Figure 1: Single-copy repeats cannot sustain RdRP activity, but tandem repeats can.
Figure 2: A model for recruitment of RdRP by siRNA.

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Acknowledgements

I thank V. Colot and T. Volpe for encouragement and comments.

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Martienssen, R. Maintenance of heterochromatin by RNA interference of tandem repeats. Nat Genet 35, 213–214 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1252

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